African American Christian-Muslim Relations

Baer, Hans A., and Merrill Singer. African-American Religion in the Twentieth Century: Varieties of Protest and Accommodation. Knoxville: Univ of Tennessee Pr, 1992.

Baker-Fletcher, Garth K., ed. Black Religion After the Million Man March: Voices on the Future. Maryknoll, N.Y: Orbis Books, 1998.

Baldwin, Lewis V., and Amiri Yasin Al-Hadid. Between Cross and Crescent: Christian and Muslim Perspectives on Malcolm and Martin. 1st edition. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2002.

Blackmon, Douglas A. Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War Two. Icon Books, 2012.

Blyden, Edward Wilmot. Christianity, Islam and the Negro Race. Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1994.

Collier-Thomas, Bettye, and V. P. Franklin, eds. Sisters in the Struggle : African-American Women in the Civil Rights-Black Power Movement. New York: NYU Press, 2001.

Cone, James H. Martin and Malcolm and America: A Dream or a Nightmare. Orbis Books, 2012.

Decaro, Louis A. Malcolm and the Cross: The Nation of Islam, Malcolm X, and Christianity. Fredericksburg: New York University Press, 2000.

Floyd-Thomas, Juan M., and Anthony B. Pinn, eds. Religion in the Age of Obama. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018.

Grafton, David D. “The ‘Asabiya of African-American Muslims and an American Christian Response.” Missiology: An International Review 31, no. 4 (2003): 449–458.

Johnson, S. The Myth of Ham in Nineteenth-Century American Christianity: Race, Heathens, and the People of God. 1st edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Khabeer, Su’ad Abdul. Muslim Cool: Race, Religion, and Hip Hop in the United States. New York: New York University Press, 2016.

Moore, Kathleen M. “‘United We Stand’: American Attitudes toward (Muslim) Immigration Post-September 11th.” The Muslim World; Hartford 92, no. 1/2 (Spring 2002): 39–58.

Myrdal, Gunnar. An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy, Volume 1. Vol. 1. 2 vols. New Brunswick, NJ: Routledge, 1995.

Myrdal, Gunnar, and Sissela Bok. An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy. Vol. 2. 2 vols. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1996.

Nash, Gary B. Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia’s Black Community, 1720-1840. Harvard University Press, 1988.

Netland, Harold. Encountering Religious Pluralism: The Challenge to Christian Faith Mission. Downers Grove, Ill: IVP Academic, 2001.

Noll, Mark A. God and Race in American Politics: A Short History. Princeton, N.J.; Woodstock: Princeton University Press, 2010.

Olupona, Jacob, and Regina Gemignani. African Immigrant Religions in America. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Pinn, Anne H., and Anthony B. Pinn. Fortress Introduction to Black Church History. Fortress Press, 2002.

Pinn, Anthony B. The Black Church in the Post-Civil Rights Era. Orbis Books, 2002.

Raboteau, Albert J. American Prophets: Seven Religious Radicals and Their Struggle for Social and Political Justice. Princeton University Press, 2016.

Reid III, Frank Madison, Jeremiah Wright Jr, and Colleen Birchett. When Black Men Stand Up for God: Reflections on the Million Man March. 1 edition. Chicago, Ill: African American Images, 1997.

Savage, Barbara Dianne. Your Spirits Walk Beside Us: The Politics of Black Religion. Harvard University Press, 2009.

Sernett, Milton C. Bound For the Promised Land. Duke University Press, 1997.

Swift, David E. Black Prophets of Justice: Activist Clergy Before the Civil War. LSU Press, 1999.

Wuthnow, Robert. America and the Challenges of Religious Diversity. 1st ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007.


African American Christian and Muslim Theology

Curtis IV, Edward E. Curtis, and Danielle Brune Sigler. The New Black Gods: Arthur Huff Fauset and the Study of African American Religions. Indiana University Press, 2009.

Dwight, Hopkins N. Introducing Black Theology of Liberation. Orbis Books, 2014.

Glaude (Jr.), Eddie S. African American Religion: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2014.

Jackson, Sherman A. Islam and the Problem of Black Suffering. Oxford University Press, 2009.

Lincoln, C. Eric. Race, Religion, and the Continuing American Dilemma. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011.

Pinn, Anthony B. Varieties of African American Religious Experience: Toward a Comparative Black Theology – 20th Anniversary Edition. Fortress Press, 2017.

Ware, Frederick L. African American Theology. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press, 2016.

———. Methodologies of Black Theology: Reprint edition. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock Pub, 2008.

Yuskaev, Timur R. Speaking Qurʼan: An American Scripture. Studies in Comparative Religion. University of South Carolina Press, 2017.


History of African American Islam

Austin, Allan D. African Muslims in Antebellum America: Transatlantic Stories and Spiritual Struggles. 1 edition. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Berg, Herbert. Elijah Muhammad and Islam. NYU Press, 2009.

Curtis IV, Edward E. Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960-1975. Univ of North Carolina Press, 2009.

———. Muslims in America: A Short History. Oxford University Press, USA, 2009.

Dannin, Robert. Black Pilgrimage to Islam. Oxford University Press, 2005.

Diouf, Sylviane A. Servants of Allah: African Muslims Enslaved in the Americas, 15th Anniversary Edition. New York: New York University Press, 2013.

GhaneaBassiri, Kambiz. A History of Islam in America: From the New World to the New World Order. 1 edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Gomez, Michael A., and Michael Gomez. Black Crescent: The Experience and Legacy of African Muslims in the Americas. Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Hubbard, Dolan. The Souls of Black Folk: One Hundred Years Later. University of Missouri Press, 2007.

Johnson, Sylvester A. African American Religions, 1500-2000: Colonialism, Democracy, and Freedom. 1 edition. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

———. “African Americans and Religion.” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion (September 3, 2015). Accessed January 17, 2019.

Lincoln, C. Eric, and Lawrence H. Mamiya. The Black Church in the African American Experience. Duke University Press, 1990.

Lincoln, Charles Eric. The Black Muslims in America. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1994.

McCloud, Aminah Beverly. African American Islam. Routledge, 2014.

Thornton, John. Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1800. Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Tsoukalas, Steven, and Carl F. Ellis. The Nation of Islam: Understanding the “Black Muslims.” Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian & Reformed Pub Co, 2001.

Turner, Richard Brent. Islam in the African-American Experience. Indiana University Press, 2003.


Feminist and Womanist Responses

Boyd, S. Black Men Worshipping: Intersecting Anxieties of Race, Gender, and Christian Embodiment. Springer, 2011.

Collier-Thomas, Bettye. A Treasury of African American Christmas Stories. Boston: Beacon Press, 2018.

———. Daughters of Thunder: Black Women Preachers and Their Sermons, 1850-1979. Wiley, 1998.

———. Jesus, Jobs, and Justice: African American Women and Religion. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2010.

Douglas, Kelly Brown. Sexuality and the Black Church: A Womanist Perspective. Orbis Books, 2018.

Grant, Jacquelyn. White Women’s Christ and Black Women’s Jesus: Feminist Christology and Womanist Response. Scholars Press, 1989.

Griffith, R. Marie. Women and Religion in the African Diaspora: Knowledge, Power, and Performance. Johns Hopkins University Press, n.d.

Hammer, Juliane. American Muslim Women, Religious Authority, and Activism: More Than a Prayer. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2012.

Haywood, Chanta M. Prophesying Daughters: Black Women Preachers and the Word, 1823-1913. University of Missouri Press, 2003.

Wade-Gayles, Gloria, ed. My Soul Is A Witness: African-American Women’s Spirituality. 1st edition. Beacon Press, 2002.

Wadud, Amina. Inside the Gender Jihad: Women’s Reform in Islam. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2013.

———. Qur’an and Woman: Rereading the Sacred Text from a Woman’s Perspective. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Williams, Dolores S. Sisters in the Wilderness: The Challenge of Womanist God-Talk. Orbis Books, 2013.



Join our mailing list!

Keep up with all the latest happenings at Hartford Seminary

Sign-up now ›

Hartford Seminary